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Dublin, nouvelle capitale du vélo

Article publié le 13 février 2011

Dublin serait-elle en passe de devenir le haut-lieu du vélo ? La capitale irlandaise compte de plus en plus de cyclistes, à l’image de tout le pays. Retour sur une politique de mobilité durable qui ne manque pas de panache…

Dublin, nouvelle capitale du vélo

Depuis son lancement en septembre 2009, le système dublinois de vélos en libre service a conquis des milliers d’usagers, locaux ou visiteurs. Il s’est ainsi imposé parmi les meilleurs exemples de vélo-partage d’Europe, avec plus de 25 000 abonnés en 2010 et des pics de fréquentation de 4 000 emprunts à la journée.

La réussite du projet repose sur l’accessibilité de la quarantaine de stations DB (DublinBikes), mais aussi et surtout sur la facilité d’utilisation du système et son prix très abordable.

En effet, après le paiement des frais d’inscription (10 euros), les Dublinois ont un accès illimité au service, pour des trajets inférieurs à 30 minutes. Les touristes, quant à eux, ne sont pas laissés de côté, avec un pass de 3 jours à seulement 2 euros. 

Une étude récemment reprise par le Irish Times a démontré que le système avait réellement transformé la façon dont les dublinois bougent au quotidien. 70 % des déplacements concernent des trajets résidence-travail ou résidence-établissement scolaire. L’auteur a également noté que les vélos en libre-service s’intégraient souvent dans un trajet multimodal. Surtout, le système DublinBikes encourage les gens à bouger plus, puisque 1/3 des emprunts concernent des nouveaux trajets, motivés en partie par le moyen de transport lui-même.

Ces résultats viennent conforter la politique gouvernementale qui, depuis 2009, incite les Irlandais à se mettre au vélo, dans un double souci de santé publique et de préservation de l’environnement. Ce plan national, le Bike Scheme, s’est ouvert avec une première mesure baptisée Cycle to Work. Depuis le 1er janvier 2009, l’achat de vélos par l’employeur est ainsi encouragé par des exonérations de taxes pouvant aller jusqu’à 1 000 euros.

En décembre dernier, le ministre du développement durable, Ciaran Cuffe, observait la réussite partagée de Cycle to Work et DublinBikes, constatant l’augmentation considérable du nombre de cyclistes.

L’exemple dublinois a inspiré le gouvernement, qui a donné un coup d’accélérateur à sa politique pro-vélo en incitant tous les conseils municipaux à s’engager durablement pour favoriser ce mode de transport.

L’installation de systèmes de partage ou encore de pistes cyclables a été inscrite dans les objectifs nationaux pour 2020, et les collectivités locales se voient désormais contraintes de mettre en place les conditions optimales pour un transport cycliste et pédestre. Avec cette dernière mesure, le vélo accède bel et bien au statut de priorité nationale. Comme l’explique Monsieur Cuffe, l’objectif du gouvernement est clair : « en mettant en place ce Plan National pour le Cyclisme (National Cycling Plan), nous essayons de faire en sorte que les gens fassent du vélo leur principal moyen de transport ». Un projet ambitieux, qui pourrait inspirer les voisins européens…


Environnement Europe Haute Qualité Environnementale Vélo Mobilité durable

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