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1,3 milliard de dollars pour l'environnement au Brésil

Article publié le 9 mars 2009

1,3 milliard de dollars pour l'environnement au Brésil

Enjeu primordial autant pour le pays que pour tout un continent, voire la planète entière : avec l’une des plus grandes forêts du monde, reoprésentant le tiers de forêts tropicales humides de la planète , le Brésil fait partie des grandes nations dont l’engagement écologique aura une portée globale. C’est à ce titre que la Banque mondiale vient d’accorder un prêt de 1,3 milliard de dollars pour aider le Brésil, décrit comme un pays à l’écosystème “crucial”, dans sa politique de défense de l’environnement. Ce prêt doit soutenir l’effort du pays “pour améliorer son système de gestion de l’environnement et intégrer les questions de développement durable dans la politique de secteurs essentiels comme la gestion des forêts, l’eau et les énergies renouvelables”, a expliqué l’institution.

Il doit être déboursé en deux tranches, la première de 800 millions de dollars immédiatement et la seconde de 500 millions selon le respect de critères d’évaluation d’ici à fin 2010. La Banque mondiale souhaite empêcher “la déforestation due à l’usage déraisonné des ressources naturelles de l’Amazonie” et favoriser la préservation de la qualité de l’eau et la maîtrise de la consommation énergétique.

“Il y a peu de pays où l’écosystème soit aussi crucial pour le développement et le bien-être de la population que le Brésil”, a estimé la Banque. Outer sa forêt tropicale, le territoire brésilien abrite un cinquième de ses réserves d’eau douce et l’une des plus grandes biodiversités du monde, en plus de 8.500 km de côtes.

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Amazonie

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par Pierre William Johnson (IP:xxx.xx5.174.7) le 9 mars 2009 à 20H23

Malheureusement, il n’y a aucune garantie que ce budget soit effectivement utilisé pour préserver le forêt amazonienne et les ressources en eau. D’autres programmes couteux ont été mis en place au Brésil, mais un développement durable ne sera atteint que lorsqu’il y aura une politique courageuse, s’attaquant aux lobbies agro-industriels (soja, notamment) et forestiers.

votez :
par mathieu Hangue (IP:xxx.xx1.196.141) le 21 mars 2009 à 17H57

Déjà entendu parler de l’IIRSA ?

Voilà un extrait tiré du site du Mouvement Mondial pour les Forêts humides :

"En ce moment, l’axe amazonien inclut 54 projets IIRSA, partagés en sept groupes, dont la plupart s’organisent autour des bassins des affluents du fleuve Amazone. Dans l’Amazonie brésilienne trois axes sont prévus : celui de l’Amazone (États d’Amazonas, Pará et Amapá), celui du Massif guyanais (États de Roraima et Amapá) et celui de Pérou-Brésil-Bolivie (États d’Acre, Rondônia, Amazonas et Mato Grosso).

Dans la liste de l’IIRSA concernant l’Amazonie brésilienne figure la construction de complexes hydroélectriques et de lignes de transmission entre les usines hydroélectriques, la construction ou le réaménagement de routes, la construction de ports, d’usines de pâte, de traitement de soja, de production de café instantané et de conditionnement de viande, et des travaux routiers le long de plus de 6 000 km de voies fluviales navigables pour faciliter le mouvement de produits et la sortie de ressources naturelles."

Pour le reste de l’article : http://www.wrm.org.uy/bulletinfr/11...

Entendu parler du décret de Lula qualifiant 200 millions d’ha en terres dégradées ? On y retrouve des parties de la Mata Atlantica (forêt atlantique à haute biodiversité), le Cerrado (savane sèche, une des plus riches de la planète), les zones humides du Pantanal... C’est la porte ouverte aux monocultures énergétiques.

Car tout cela est en liaison directe avec le développement des agrocarburants.

MH

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